Calf sprain

Calf sprain


Calf sprains begin with a sudden pain in the back of the lower part of the leg (in the calf muscle), followed immediately by difficulty with walking. There may be swelling and bruising in the calf area.

Mechanism of injury

Calf sprains often occur with a sudden strong contraction of the muscle or with a change of direction.

Grades of calf sprain

At assessment, physiotherapists can help to identify the grade (severity) of the calf sprain

• Grade 1: Small micro tears in the muscle fibres.
• Grade 2: Partial tearing of muscle fibres.
• Grade 3: Complete tearing or rupture of muscle fibres


The first phase of rehabilitation is about reducing pain and inflammation. The next phase is about increasing range of motion and flexibility. Following this, muscle strength and endurance is developed. The later stage of rehabilitation includes more specific retraining of balance, agility, muscle power and sports-specific training.

Treatments used by Physiotherapists at ALO

• Manual Therapy
• Taping
• Clinical Massage Therapy
• Electrotherapy
• Specific Rehabilitative Exercises